Medical Simulated Interactive Manikin
Project Client: Dr. Erle Lim, National University of Singapore, Division of Neurology
Project Category: Design, Delivery
Medical simulation is having a transformative impact on health care, enabling high-impact experiential learning, on-demand availability of rehearsal experiences for a wide range of clinical skills, the ability to effectively present and train low-incidence, high-consequence events, and objective metrics of assessment, all while eliminating risk exposure to patients during the training experience.
Manikins to teach the examination of the heart and lungs have been around for decades, but none had existed to teach the abdominal examination until this proposal’s collaboration team developed one, Abe, which is primarily a palpation tool.
Palpation skills are paramount to effective osteopathic practice, but teaching students how to palpate and learning palpation is a real pedagogical challenge as it requires the right combination of knowledge, skills, and attitude.
Palpation : physical examination in medical diagnosis by pressure of the hand(s) or fingers to the surface of the body especially to determine the condition (as of size, consistency, location or textures) of an underlying part or organ.
By visually simulating a 3-D, CG interactive patient and with the HoloLens superimposed on the Abe, including the simulated patient’s facial and auditory reactions to palpation, students will see a moving, interactive person – lending greater verisimilitude to the experience. The student may also need to make decision on what organs need to be palpated by the corresponding medical records
This project is also providing insights, experiments, documentations and potential framework with similar applications. Furthermore, clinical features such as jaundice, swelling of the nail bed, leukonychia (white nails, suggesting low serum albumin) and spidery capillaries, etc, signifying chronic liver disease, will be realistically simulated via augmented reality.
In addition to being able to see the internal abdominal viscera as they palpate, text, video and details of the viscera in question will be available while training with Abe.
[fruitful_ibox column=”ffs-three-one” title=”Background” icon=”fa-info” styleicon=”font-size:60px;”]Medical simulation is having a transformative impact on health care, especially experiential learning. Mannequins to teach the examinations of the heart and lungs have been used for decades, but there is no mannequin for teaching abdominal examination until Abe came out.[/fruitful_ibox]
[fruitful_ibox column=”ffs-three-one” title=”Problem” icon=”fa-question” styleicon=”font-size:60px;”]But teaching and learning palpation is a real pedagogical challenge as it requires the right combination of knowledge, skills, and attitude.[/fruitful_ibox]
[fruitful_ibox column=”ffs-three-one” title=”Solution” icon=”fa-lightbulb-o” styleicon=”font-size:60px;” last=”true”]This project provides a 3d visually simulated interactive manikin with hologram superimposed on the Abe as well as the corresponding text, video and details of the viscera.[/fruitful_ibox]